The Evolution of Project Management

Significance of Project Management is a crucial topic because all organisations, be they small or giant, at one time or other, are involved in implementing new undertakings. These undertakings could also be numerous, resembling, the development of a new product or service; the establishment of a new production line in a manufacturing enterprise; a public relations promotion campaign; or a serious building programme. Whilst the 1980’s had been about quality and the 1990’s had been all about globalisation, the 2000’s are about velocity. That is, to keep ahead of their competitors, organisations are frequently confronted with the development of complex products, services and processes with very short time-to-market home windows combined with the need for cross-functional expertise. In this situation, project management turns into a very important and highly effective device within the arms of organisations that understand its use and have the competencies to apply it.

The development of project administration capabilities in organisations, concurrently with the application of information management systems, enable enterprise teams to work in partnership in defining plans and managing take-to-market projects by synchronising group-oriented tasks, schedules, and resource allocations. This allows cross-functional teams to create and share project information. Nevertheless, this will not be ample, information management systems have the potential to allow project administration practices to take place in a real-time environment. As a consequence of this potential project administration proficiency, locally, nationally or globally dispersed customers are able to concurrently view and work together with the identical updated project information instantly, including project schedules, threaded discussions, and different related documentation. In this situation the time period dispersed consumer takes on a wider meaning. It not only contains the cross-functional administration teams but also experts drawn from the organisation’s supply chain, and enterprise partners.

On a macro level organisations are motivated to implement project administration methods to ensure that their undertakings (small or major) are delivered on time, within the price price range and to the stipulated quality. On a micro level, project administration combined

with an appropriate information administration system has the aims of: (a) reducing project overhead prices; (b) customising the project workplace to fit the operational model of the project teams and respective group members; (c) proactively informing the executive administration strata of the strategic projects on a real-time basis; (d) guaranteeing that project workforce members share accurate, meaningful and well timed project paperwork; and (e) guaranteeing that critical task deadlines are met. Whilst the motivation and objectives to apply project administration in organisations is commendable, they don’t assure project success.

Nevertheless, before discussing the that means and achievement of project success it is appropriate at this stage to provide a short history of project management.

Brief History of Project Administration

Project administration has been practiced for hundreds of years dating back to the Egyptian epoch, however it was in the mid-1950’s that organisations commenced making use of formal project management tools and techniques to advanced projects. Modern project administration strategies had their origins in two parallel however completely different problems of planning and control in projects in the United States. The primary case concerned the united statesNavy which at that time was concerned with the control of contracts for its Polaris Missile project. These contracts consisted of research, development work and manufacturing of parts that have been unique and had never been beforehand undertaken.

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